[5/8] media: v4l2-subdev: Support hybrid links in v4l2_subdev_link_validate()

Message ID 20240619012356.22685-6-laurent.pinchart+renesas@ideasonboard.com (mailing list archive)
State New
Series media: v4l2: Improve media link validation |

Commit Message

Laurent Pinchart June 19, 2024, 1:23 a.m. UTC
  The v4l2_subdev_link_validate() helper function is meant to be used as a
drop-in implementation of a V4L2 subdev entity .link_validate() handler.
It supports subdev-to-subdev links only, and complains if one end of the
link is not a subdev. This forces drivers that have video output devices
connected to subdevs to implement a custom .link_validate() handler,
calling v4l2_subdev_link_validate() for the subdev-to-subdev links, and
performing manual link validation for the video-to-subdev links.

Video devices embed a media entity, and therefore also have a
.link_validate() operation. For video capture devices, the operation
should be manually implemented by drivers for validate the
subdev-to-video links. For video output devices, on the other hand, that
operation is never called, as link validation is performed in the
context of the sink entity.

As a result, we end up forcing drivers to implement a custom
.link_validate() handler for subdevs connected to video output devices,
when the video devices provide an operation that could be used for that

To improve that situation, make v4l2_subdev_link_validate() delegate
link validation to the source's .link_validate() operation when the link
source is a video device and the link sink is a subdev. This allows
broader usage of v4l2_subdev_link_validate(), and simplifies drivers by
making video device link validation easy to implement in the video
device .link_validate(), regardless of whether the video device is an
output device or a capture device.

Signed-off-by: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart+renesas@ideasonboard.com>
 drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-subdev.c | 40 +++++++++++++++++++++++----
 include/media/v4l2-subdev.h           |  6 ++++
 2 files changed, 41 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)


diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-subdev.c b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-subdev.c
index 2d5e39c79620..e1e1333cfb0a 100644
--- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-subdev.c
+++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-subdev.c
@@ -1458,13 +1458,43 @@  int v4l2_subdev_link_validate(struct media_link *link)
 	if (WARN_ON(!is_media_entity_v4l2_subdev(link->sink->entity)))
 		return -EINVAL;
-	if (!is_media_entity_v4l2_subdev(link->source->entity)) {
-		pr_warn_once("source of link '%s':%u->'%s':%u is not a V4L2 sub-device, driver bug!\n",
-			     link->source->entity->name, link->source->index,
-			     link->sink->entity->name, link->sink->index);
-		return 0;
+	/*
+	 * If the source is a video device, delegate link validation to it. This
+	 * allows usage of this helper for subdev connected to a video output
+	 * device, provided that the driver implement the video output device's
+	 * .link_validate() operation.
+	 */
+	if (is_media_entity_v4l2_video_device(link->source->entity)) {
+		struct media_entity *source = link->source->entity;
+		if (!source->ops || !source->ops->link_validate) {
+			/*
+			 * Many existing drivers do not implement the required
+			 * .link_validate() operation for their video devices.
+			 * Print a warning to get the drivers fixed, and return
+			 * 0 to avoid breaking userspace. This should
+			 * eventually be turned into a WARN_ON() when all
+			 * drivers will have been fixed.
+			 */
+			pr_warn_once("video device '%s' does not implement .link_validate(), driver bug!\n",
+				     source->name);
+			return 0;
+		}
+		/* Avoid infinite loops. */
+		if (WARN_ON(source->ops->link_validate == v4l2_subdev_link_validate))
+			return -EINVAL;
+		return source->ops->link_validate(link);
+	/*
+	 * If the source is still not a subdev, usage of this helper is a clear
+	 * driver bug.
+	 */
+	if (WARN_ON(!is_media_entity_v4l2_subdev(link->source->entity)))
+		return -EINVAL;
 	sink_sd = media_entity_to_v4l2_subdev(link->sink->entity);
 	source_sd = media_entity_to_v4l2_subdev(link->source->entity);
diff --git a/include/media/v4l2-subdev.h b/include/media/v4l2-subdev.h
index 1b74e037e440..731be85a7af1 100644
--- a/include/media/v4l2-subdev.h
+++ b/include/media/v4l2-subdev.h
@@ -1250,6 +1250,12 @@  int v4l2_subdev_link_validate_default(struct v4l2_subdev *sd,
  * calls v4l2_subdev_link_validate_default() to ensure that
  * width, height and the media bus pixel code are equal on both
  * source and sink of the link.
+ *
+ * The function can be used as a drop-in &media_entity_ops.link_validate
+ * implementation for v4l2_subdev instances. It supports all links between
+ * subdevs, as well as links between subdevs and video devices, provided that
+ * the video devices also implement their &media_entity_ops.link_validate
+ * operation.
 int v4l2_subdev_link_validate(struct media_link *link);