LinuxTV Patchwork [v2,3/3,media] allegro: add SPS/PPS nal unit writer

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Submitter Michael Tretter
Date Jan. 18, 2019, 1:37 p.m.
Message ID <20190118133716.29288-4-m.tretter@pengutronix.de>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/54018/
State Superseded
Delegated to: Hans Verkuil
Headers show

Comments

Michael Tretter - Jan. 18, 2019, 1:37 p.m.
The allegro hardware encoder does not write SPS/PPS nal units into the
encoded video stream. Therefore, we need to write the units in software.

The implementation follows Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) to allow to
convert between a C struct and the RBSP representation of the SPS and
PPS nal units.

The allegro driver writes the nal units into the v4l2 capture buffer in
front of the actual video data which is written at an offset by the IP
core. The remaining gap is filled with a filler nal unit.

Signed-off-by: Michael Tretter <m.tretter@pengutronix.de>
---
Changes since v1:
- clean up debug log levels
- fix missing error handling in allegro_h264_write_sps
- enable configuration of frame size
- enable configuration of bit rate and CPB size

---
 drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/Makefile    |    4 +-
 .../staging/media/allegro-dvt/allegro-core.c  |  182 ++-
 drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.c  | 1278 +++++++++++++++++
 drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.h  |  188 +++
 4 files changed, 1650 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.c
 create mode 100644 drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.h

Patch

diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/Makefile b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/Makefile
index bc30addee47f..eee9713c10e3 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,6 @@ 
 # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
-allegro-objs := allegro-core.o
+ccflags-y += -I$(src)
+
+allegro-objs := allegro-core.o nal-h264.o
 
 obj-$(CONFIG_VIDEO_ALLEGRO_DVT) += allegro.o
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/allegro-core.c b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/allegro-core.c
index db48747b345c..1572f71b420c 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/allegro-core.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/allegro-core.c
@@ -26,6 +26,8 @@ 
 #include <media/videobuf2-dma-contig.h>
 #include <media/videobuf2-v4l2.h>
 
+#include "nal-h264.h"
+
 /*
  * PG252 June 6, 2018 (H.264/H.265 Video Codec Unit v1.1) Chapter 3
  *
@@ -1278,6 +1280,131 @@  static int allocate_reference_buffers(struct allegro_channel *channel,
 					 n, PAGE_ALIGN(size));
 }
 
+static ssize_t allegro_h264_write_sps(struct allegro_channel *channel,
+				      void *dest, size_t n)
+{
+	struct allegro_dev *dev = channel->dev;
+	struct nal_h264_sps *sps;
+	ssize_t size;
+	unsigned int size_mb = SIZE_MACROBLOCK;
+	/* Calculation of crop units in Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) p. 76 */
+	unsigned int crop_unit_x = 2;
+	unsigned int crop_unit_y = 2;
+
+	sps = kzalloc(sizeof(*sps), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!sps)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	sps->profile_idc = nal_h264_profile_from_v4l2(channel->profile);
+	sps->constraint_set0_flag = 0;
+	sps->constraint_set1_flag = 1;
+	sps->constraint_set2_flag = 0;
+	sps->constraint_set3_flag = 0;
+	sps->constraint_set4_flag = 0;
+	sps->constraint_set5_flag = 0;
+	sps->level_idc = nal_h264_level_from_v4l2(channel->level);
+	sps->seq_parameter_set_id = 0;
+	sps->log2_max_frame_num_minus4 = 0;
+	sps->pic_order_cnt_type = 0;
+	sps->log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4 = 6;
+	sps->max_num_ref_frames = 3;
+	sps->gaps_in_frame_num_value_allowed_flag = 0;
+	sps->pic_width_in_mbs_minus1 =
+		DIV_ROUND_UP(channel->width, size_mb) - 1;
+	sps->pic_height_in_map_units_minus1 =
+		DIV_ROUND_UP(channel->height, size_mb) - 1;
+	sps->frame_mbs_only_flag = 1;
+	sps->mb_adaptive_frame_field_flag = 0;
+	sps->direct_8x8_inference_flag = 1;
+	sps->frame_cropping_flag =
+		(channel->width % size_mb) || (channel->height % size_mb);
+	if (sps->frame_cropping_flag) {
+		sps->crop_left = 0;
+		sps->crop_right = (round_up(channel->width, size_mb) - channel->width) / crop_unit_x;
+		sps->crop_top = 0;
+		sps->crop_bottom = (round_up(channel->height, size_mb) - channel->height) / crop_unit_y;
+	}
+	sps->vui_parameters_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.aspect_ratio_info_present_flag = 0;
+	sps->vui.overscan_info_present_flag = 0;
+	sps->vui.video_signal_type_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.video_format = 1;
+	sps->vui.video_full_range_flag = 0;
+	sps->vui.colour_description_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.colour_primaries = 5;
+	sps->vui.transfer_characteristics = 5;
+	sps->vui.matrix_coefficients = 5;
+	sps->vui.chroma_loc_info_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.chroma_sample_loc_type_top_field = 0;
+	sps->vui.chroma_sample_loc_type_bottom_field = 0;
+	sps->vui.timing_info_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.num_units_in_tick = 1;
+	sps->vui.time_scale = 50;
+	sps->vui.fixed_frame_rate_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag = 0;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.cpb_cnt_minus1 = 0;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.bit_rate_scale = 0;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.cpb_size_scale = 1;
+	/* See Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) p. 410 E-53 */
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.bit_rate_value_minus1[0] =
+		channel->bitrate_peak / (1 << (6 + sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.bit_rate_scale)) - 1;
+	/* See Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) p. 410 E-54 */
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.cpb_size_value_minus1[0] =
+		(channel->cpb_size * 1000) / (1 << (4 + sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.cpb_size_scale)) - 1;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.cbr_flag[0] = 1;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.initial_cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1 = 31;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1 = 31;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.dpb_output_delay_length_minus1 = 31;
+	sps->vui.vcl_hrd_parameters.time_offset_length = 0;
+	sps->vui.low_delay_hrd_flag = 0;
+	sps->vui.pic_struct_present_flag = 1;
+	sps->vui.bitstream_restriction_flag = 0;
+
+	size = nal_h264_write_sps(&dev->plat_dev->dev, dest, n, sps);
+
+	kfree(sps);
+
+	return size;
+}
+
+static ssize_t allegro_h264_write_pps(struct allegro_channel *channel,
+				      void *dest, size_t n)
+{
+	struct allegro_dev *dev = channel->dev;
+	struct nal_h264_pps *pps;
+	ssize_t size;
+
+	pps = kzalloc(sizeof(*pps), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!pps)
+		return -ENOMEM;
+
+	pps->pic_parameter_set_id = 0;
+	pps->seq_parameter_set_id = 0;
+	pps->entropy_coding_mode_flag = 0;
+	pps->bottom_field_pic_order_in_frame_present_flag = 0;
+	pps->num_slice_groups_minus1 = 0;
+	pps->num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1 = 2;
+	pps->num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1 = 2;
+	pps->weighted_pred_flag = 0;
+	pps->weighted_bipred_idc = 0;
+	pps->pic_init_qp_minus26 = 0;
+	pps->pic_init_qs_minus26 = 0;
+	pps->chroma_qp_index_offset = 0;
+	pps->deblocking_filter_control_present_flag = 1;
+	pps->constrained_intra_pred_flag = 0;
+	pps->redundant_pic_cnt_present_flag = 0;
+	pps->transform_8x8_mode_flag = 0;
+	pps->pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag = 0;
+	pps->second_chroma_qp_index_offset = 0;
+
+	size = nal_h264_write_pps(&dev->plat_dev->dev, dest, n, pps);
+
+	kfree(pps);
+
+	return size;
+}
+
 static void allegro_finish_frame(struct allegro_channel *channel,
 				 struct mcu_msg_encode_frame_response *msg)
 {
@@ -1289,6 +1416,9 @@  static void allegro_finish_frame(struct allegro_channel *channel,
 		u32 size;
 	} *partition;
 	enum vb2_buffer_state state = VB2_BUF_STATE_ERROR;
+	char *curr;
+	ssize_t len;
+	ssize_t free;
 
 	src_buf = v4l2_m2m_src_buf_remove(channel->fh.m2m_ctx);
 	v4l2_m2m_buf_done(src_buf, VB2_BUF_STATE_DONE);
@@ -1337,10 +1467,60 @@  static void allegro_finish_frame(struct allegro_channel *channel,
 	 * Does the encoder add any data before its configured offset that we
 	 * need to handle?
 	 */
-
 	vb2_set_plane_payload(&dst_buf->vb2_buf, 0,
 			      partition->offset + partition->size);
 
+	curr = vb2_plane_vaddr(&dst_buf->vb2_buf, 0);
+	free = partition->offset;
+	if (msg->is_idr) {
+		len = allegro_h264_write_sps(channel, curr, free);
+		if (len < 0) {
+			v4l2_err(&dev->v4l2_dev,
+				 "not enough space for sequence parameter set: %ld left\n",
+				 free);
+			goto err;
+		}
+		curr += len;
+		free -= len;
+		v4l2_dbg(1, debug, &dev->v4l2_dev,
+			 "channel %d: wrote %ld byte SPS nal unit\n",
+			 channel->mcu_channel_id, len);
+	}
+
+	if (msg->slice_type == AL_ENC_SLICE_TYPE_I) {
+		len = allegro_h264_write_pps(channel, curr, free);
+		if (len < 0) {
+			v4l2_err(&dev->v4l2_dev,
+				 "not enough space for picture parameter set: %ld left\n",
+				 free);
+			goto err;
+		}
+		curr += len;
+		free -= len;
+		v4l2_dbg(1, debug, &dev->v4l2_dev,
+			 "channel %d: wrote %ld byte PPS nal unit\n",
+			 channel->mcu_channel_id, len);
+	}
+
+	len = nal_h264_write_filler(&dev->plat_dev->dev, curr, free);
+	if (len < 0) {
+		v4l2_err(&dev->v4l2_dev,
+			 "failed to write %ld filler data\n", free);
+		goto err;
+	}
+	curr += len;
+	free -= len;
+	v4l2_dbg(2, debug, &dev->v4l2_dev,
+		 "channel %d: wrote %ld bytes filler nal unit\n",
+		 channel->mcu_channel_id, len);
+
+	if (free != 0) {
+		v4l2_err(&dev->v4l2_dev,
+			 "non-VCL NAL units do not fill space until VCL NAL unit: %ld bytes left\n",
+			 free);
+		goto err;
+	}
+
 	state = VB2_BUF_STATE_DONE;
 
 	v4l2_dbg(1, debug, &dev->v4l2_dev,
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.c b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..83bc98200c1a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1278 @@ 
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Pengutronix, Michael Tretter <kernel@pengutronix.de>
+ *
+ * Convert NAL units between raw byte sequence payloads (RBSP) and C structs
+ *
+ * The conversion is defined in "ITU-T Rec. H.264 (04/2017) Advanced video
+ * coding for generic audiovisual services". Decoder drivers may use the
+ * parser to parse RBSP from encoded streams and configure the hardware, if
+ * the hardware is not able to parse RBSP itself.  Encoder drivers may use the
+ * generator to generate the RBSP for SPS/PPS nal units and add them to the
+ * encoded stream if the hardware does not generate the units.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/string.h>
+#include <linux/v4l2-controls.h>
+
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/log2.h>
+
+#include <nal-h264.h>
+
+struct rbsp {
+	char *buf;
+	int size;
+	int pos;
+	int num_consecutive_zeros;
+};
+
+int nal_h264_profile_from_v4l2(enum v4l2_mpeg_video_h264_profile profile)
+{
+	switch (profile) {
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_PROFILE_BASELINE:
+		return 66;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_PROFILE_MAIN:
+		return 77;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_PROFILE_EXTENDED:
+		return 88;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_PROFILE_HIGH:
+		return 100;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
+int nal_h264_level_from_v4l2(enum v4l2_mpeg_video_h264_level level)
+{
+	switch (level) {
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_1_0:
+		return 10;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_1B:
+		return 9;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_1_1:
+		return 11;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_1_2:
+		return 12;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_1_3:
+		return 13;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_2_0:
+		return 20;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_2_1:
+		return 21;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_2_2:
+		return 22;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_3_0:
+		return 30;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_3_1:
+		return 31;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_3_2:
+		return 32;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_4_0:
+		return 40;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_4_1:
+		return 41;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_4_2:
+		return 42;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_5_0:
+		return 50;
+	case V4L2_MPEG_VIDEO_H264_LEVEL_5_1:
+		return 51;
+	default:
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+}
+
+static int rbsp_read_bits(struct rbsp *rbsp, int num, int *val);
+static int rbsp_write_bits(struct rbsp *rbsp, int num, int val);
+
+static int add_emulation_prevention_three_byte(struct rbsp *rbsp)
+{
+	rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros = 0;
+	/*
+	 * We are not actually the emulation_prevention_three_byte, but the 2
+	 * one bits of the byte and the 6 zero bits of the next byte.
+	 * Therefore, the discarded byte shifted by 6 bits.
+	 */
+	rbsp_write_bits(rbsp, 8, (0x3 << 6));
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int discard_emulation_prevention_three_byte(struct rbsp *rbsp)
+{
+	unsigned int tmp = 0;
+
+	rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros = 0;
+	/*
+	 * We are not actually discarding the emulation_prevention_three_byte,
+	 * but the 2 one bits of the byte and the 6 zero bits of the next
+	 * byte. Therefore, the discarded byte shifted by 6 bits.
+	 */
+	rbsp_read_bits(rbsp, 8, &tmp);
+	if (tmp != (0x3 << 6))
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int rbsp_read_bit(struct rbsp *rbsp)
+{
+	int shift;
+	int ofs;
+	int bit;
+	int err;
+
+	if (rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros == 22) {
+		err = discard_emulation_prevention_three_byte(rbsp);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	shift = 7 - (rbsp->pos % 8);
+	ofs = rbsp->pos++ / 8;
+
+	if (ofs >= rbsp->size)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	bit = (rbsp->buf[ofs] >> shift) & 1;
+
+	/*
+	 * Counting zeros for the emulation_prevention_three_byte only starts
+	 * at byte boundaries.
+	 */
+	if (bit == 1 ||
+	    (rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros < 7 && (rbsp->pos % 8 == 0)))
+		rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros = 0;
+	else
+		rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros++;
+
+	return bit;
+}
+
+static inline int rbsp_write_bit(struct rbsp *rbsp, int bit)
+{
+	int shift;
+	int ofs;
+
+	if (rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros == 22)
+		add_emulation_prevention_three_byte(rbsp);
+
+	shift = 7 - (rbsp->pos % 8);
+	ofs = rbsp->pos++ / 8;
+
+	if (ofs >= rbsp->size)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	rbsp->buf[ofs] &= ~(1 << shift);
+	rbsp->buf[ofs] |= bit << shift;
+
+	/*
+	 * Counting zeros for the emulation_prevention_three_byte only starts
+	 * at byte boundaries.
+	 */
+	if (bit == 1 ||
+	    (rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros < 7 && (rbsp->pos % 8 == 0))) {
+		rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros = 0;
+	} else {
+		rbsp->num_consecutive_zeros++;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static inline int rbsp_read_bits(struct rbsp *rbsp, int num, int *val)
+{
+	int i, ret;
+	int tmp = 0;
+
+	if (num > 32)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+		ret = rbsp_read_bit(rbsp);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return ret;
+		tmp |= ret << (num - i - 1);
+	}
+
+	if (val)
+		*val = tmp;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int rbsp_write_bits(struct rbsp *rbsp, int num, int value)
+{
+	int ret;
+
+	while (num--) {
+		ret = rbsp_write_bit(rbsp, (value >> num) & 1);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int rbsp_read_uev(struct rbsp *rbsp, unsigned int *val)
+{
+	int leading_zero_bits = 0;
+	unsigned int tmp = 0;
+	int ret;
+
+	while ((ret = rbsp_read_bit(rbsp)) == 0)
+		leading_zero_bits++;
+	if (ret < 0)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (leading_zero_bits > 0) {
+		ret = rbsp_read_bits(rbsp, leading_zero_bits, &tmp);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	if (val)
+		*val = (1 << leading_zero_bits) - 1 + tmp;
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int rbsp_write_uev(struct rbsp *rbsp, unsigned int value)
+{
+	int i;
+	int ret;
+	int tmp = value + 1;
+	int leading_zero_bits = fls(tmp) - 1;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < leading_zero_bits; i++) {
+		ret = rbsp_write_bit(rbsp, 0);
+		if (ret)
+			return ret;
+	}
+
+	return rbsp_write_bits(rbsp, leading_zero_bits + 1, tmp);
+}
+
+static int rbsp_read_sev(struct rbsp *rbsp, int *val)
+{
+	unsigned int tmp;
+	int ret;
+
+	ret = rbsp_read_uev(rbsp, &tmp);
+	if (ret)
+		return ret;
+
+	if (val) {
+		if (tmp & 1)
+			*val = (tmp + 1) / 2;
+		else
+			*val = -(tmp / 2);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int rbsp_write_sev(struct rbsp *rbsp, int val)
+{
+	unsigned int tmp;
+
+	if (val > 0)
+		tmp = (2 * val) | 1;
+	else
+		tmp = -2 * val;
+
+	return rbsp_write_uev(rbsp, tmp);
+}
+
+#define READ_BIT(field)						\
+	do {							\
+		int ret = rbsp_read_bit(rbsp);			\
+		if (ret < 0)					\
+			return ret;				\
+		s->field = ret;					\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define READ_BITS(num, field)					\
+	do {							\
+		int val;					\
+		int ret = rbsp_read_bits(rbsp, (num), &val);	\
+		if (ret)					\
+			return ret;				\
+		s->field = val;					\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define READ_UEV(field)						\
+	do {							\
+		int ret = rbsp_read_uev(rbsp, &s->field);	\
+		if (ret)					\
+			return ret;				\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define READ_SEV(field)						\
+	do {							\
+		int ret = rbsp_read_sev(rbsp, &s->field);	\
+		if (ret)					\
+			return ret;				\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define WRITE_BIT(field)						\
+	do {								\
+		int ret = rbsp_write_bit(rbsp, s->field);		\
+		if (ret < 0)						\
+			return ret;					\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define WRITE_BITS(num, field)						\
+	do {								\
+		int ret = rbsp_write_bits(rbsp, (num), s->field);	\
+		if (ret)						\
+			return ret;					\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define WRITE_UEV(field)						\
+	do {								\
+		int ret = rbsp_write_uev(rbsp, s->field);		\
+		if (ret)						\
+			return ret;					\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define WRITE_SEV(field)						\
+	do {								\
+		int ret = rbsp_write_sev(rbsp, s->field);		\
+		if (ret)						\
+			return ret;					\
+	} while (0)
+
+#define PRINT_BIT(field)						\
+		dev_dbg(dev, "field: %u\n", s->field)			\
+
+#define PRINT_BITS(num, field)						\
+		dev_dbg(dev, "field: %u\n", s->field)			\
+
+#define PRINT_UEV(field)						\
+		dev_dbg(dev, "field: %u\n", s->field)			\
+
+#define PRINT_SEV(field)						\
+		dev_dbg(dev, "field: %d\n", s->field)			\
+
+static int nal_h264_write_trailing_bits(const struct device *dev,
+					struct rbsp *rbsp)
+{
+	rbsp_write_bit(rbsp, 1);
+	while (rbsp->pos % 8)
+		rbsp_write_bit(rbsp, 0);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_write_hrd_parameters(const struct device *dev,
+					 struct rbsp *rbsp,
+					 struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters *hrd)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters *s = hrd;
+	int i;
+
+	WRITE_UEV(cpb_cnt_minus1);
+	WRITE_BITS(4, bit_rate_scale);
+	WRITE_BITS(4, cpb_size_scale);
+
+	for (i = 0; i <= hrd->cpb_cnt_minus1; i++) {
+		WRITE_UEV(bit_rate_value_minus1[i]);
+		WRITE_UEV(cpb_size_value_minus1[i]);
+		WRITE_BIT(cbr_flag[i]);
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BITS(5, initial_cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1);
+	WRITE_BITS(5, cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1);
+	WRITE_BITS(5, dpb_output_delay_length_minus1);
+	WRITE_BITS(5, time_offset_length);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_read_hrd_parameters(const struct device *dev,
+					struct rbsp *rbsp,
+					struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters *hrd)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters *s = hrd;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	READ_UEV(cpb_cnt_minus1);
+	READ_BITS(4, bit_rate_scale);
+	READ_BITS(4, cpb_size_scale);
+
+	for (i = 0; i <= hrd->cpb_cnt_minus1; i++) {
+		READ_UEV(bit_rate_value_minus1[i]);
+		READ_UEV(cpb_size_value_minus1[i]);
+		READ_BIT(cbr_flag[i]);
+	}
+
+	READ_BITS(5, initial_cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1);
+	READ_BITS(5, cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1);
+	READ_BITS(5, dpb_output_delay_length_minus1);
+	READ_BITS(5, time_offset_length);
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void nal_h264_print_hrd_parameters(const struct device *dev,
+					  struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters *hrd)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters *s = hrd;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	if (!hrd)
+		return;
+
+	PRINT_UEV(cpb_cnt_minus1);
+	PRINT_BITS(4, bit_rate_scale);
+	PRINT_BITS(4, cpb_size_scale);
+
+	for (i = 0; i <= s->cpb_cnt_minus1; i++) {
+		PRINT_UEV(bit_rate_value_minus1[i]);
+		PRINT_UEV(cpb_size_value_minus1[i]);
+		PRINT_BIT(cbr_flag[i]);
+	}
+
+	PRINT_BITS(5, initial_cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1);
+	PRINT_BITS(5, cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1);
+	PRINT_BITS(5, dpb_output_delay_length_minus1);
+	PRINT_BITS(5, time_offset_length);
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_read_vui_parameters(const struct device *dev,
+					struct rbsp *rbsp,
+					struct nal_h264_vui_parameters *vui)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_vui_parameters *s = vui;
+	int err;
+
+	READ_BIT(aspect_ratio_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->aspect_ratio_info_present_flag) {
+		READ_BITS(8, aspect_ratio_idc);
+		if (vui->aspect_ratio_idc == 255) {
+			READ_BITS(16, sar_width);
+			READ_BITS(16, sar_height);
+		}
+	}
+
+	READ_BIT(overscan_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->overscan_info_present_flag)
+		READ_BIT(overscan_appropriate_flag);
+
+	READ_BIT(video_signal_type_present_flag);
+	if (vui->video_signal_type_present_flag) {
+		READ_BITS(3, video_format);
+		READ_BIT(video_full_range_flag);
+		READ_BIT(colour_description_present_flag);
+
+		if (vui->colour_description_present_flag) {
+			READ_BITS(8, colour_primaries);
+			READ_BITS(8, transfer_characteristics);
+			READ_BITS(8, matrix_coefficients);
+		}
+	}
+
+	READ_BIT(chroma_loc_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->chroma_loc_info_present_flag) {
+		READ_UEV(chroma_sample_loc_type_top_field);
+		READ_UEV(chroma_sample_loc_type_bottom_field);
+	}
+
+	READ_BIT(timing_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->timing_info_present_flag) {
+		READ_BITS(32, num_units_in_tick);
+		READ_BITS(32, time_scale);
+		READ_BIT(fixed_frame_rate_flag);
+	}
+
+	READ_BIT(nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (vui->nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag) {
+		err = nal_h264_read_hrd_parameters(dev, rbsp,
+						   &vui->nal_hrd_parameters);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	READ_BIT(vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (vui->vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag) {
+		err = nal_h264_read_hrd_parameters(dev, rbsp,
+						   &vui->vcl_hrd_parameters);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	if (vui->nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag ||
+	    vui->vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag)
+		READ_BIT(low_delay_hrd_flag);
+
+	READ_BIT(pic_struct_present_flag);
+
+	READ_BIT(bitstream_restriction_flag);
+	if (vui->bitstream_restriction_flag) {
+		READ_BIT(motion_vectors_over_pic_boundaries_flag);
+		READ_UEV(max_bytes_per_pic_denom);
+		READ_UEV(max_bits_per_mb_denom);
+		READ_UEV(log2_max_mv_length_horizontal);
+		READ_UEV(log21_max_mv_length_vertical);
+		READ_UEV(max_num_reorder_frames);
+		READ_UEV(max_dec_frame_buffering);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static ssize_t nal_h264_write_vui_parameters(const struct device *dev,
+					     struct rbsp *rbsp,
+					     struct nal_h264_vui_parameters *vui)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_vui_parameters *s = vui;
+	int err;
+
+	WRITE_BIT(aspect_ratio_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->aspect_ratio_info_present_flag) {
+		WRITE_BITS(8, aspect_ratio_idc);
+		if (vui->aspect_ratio_idc == 255) {
+			WRITE_BITS(16, sar_width);
+			WRITE_BITS(16, sar_height);
+		}
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BIT(overscan_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->overscan_info_present_flag)
+		WRITE_BIT(overscan_appropriate_flag);
+
+	WRITE_BIT(video_signal_type_present_flag);
+	if (vui->video_signal_type_present_flag) {
+		WRITE_BITS(3, video_format);
+		WRITE_BIT(video_full_range_flag);
+		WRITE_BIT(colour_description_present_flag);
+
+		if (vui->colour_description_present_flag) {
+			WRITE_BITS(8, colour_primaries);
+			WRITE_BITS(8, transfer_characteristics);
+			WRITE_BITS(8, matrix_coefficients);
+		}
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BIT(chroma_loc_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->chroma_loc_info_present_flag) {
+		WRITE_UEV(chroma_sample_loc_type_top_field);
+		WRITE_UEV(chroma_sample_loc_type_bottom_field);
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BIT(timing_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->timing_info_present_flag) {
+		WRITE_BITS(32, num_units_in_tick);
+		WRITE_BITS(32, time_scale);
+		WRITE_BIT(fixed_frame_rate_flag);
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BIT(nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (vui->nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag) {
+		err = nal_h264_write_hrd_parameters(dev, rbsp,
+						    &vui->nal_hrd_parameters);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BIT(vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (vui->vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag) {
+		err = nal_h264_write_hrd_parameters(dev, rbsp,
+						    &vui->vcl_hrd_parameters);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	if (vui->nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag ||
+	    vui->vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag)
+		WRITE_BIT(low_delay_hrd_flag);
+
+	WRITE_BIT(pic_struct_present_flag);
+
+	WRITE_BIT(bitstream_restriction_flag);
+	if (vui->bitstream_restriction_flag) {
+		WRITE_BIT(motion_vectors_over_pic_boundaries_flag);
+		WRITE_UEV(max_bytes_per_pic_denom);
+		WRITE_UEV(max_bits_per_mb_denom);
+		WRITE_UEV(log2_max_mv_length_horizontal);
+		WRITE_UEV(log21_max_mv_length_vertical);
+		WRITE_UEV(max_num_reorder_frames);
+		WRITE_UEV(max_dec_frame_buffering);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void nal_h264_print_vui_parameters(const struct device *dev,
+					  struct nal_h264_vui_parameters *vui)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_vui_parameters *s = vui;
+
+	if (!vui)
+		return;
+
+	PRINT_BIT(aspect_ratio_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->aspect_ratio_info_present_flag) {
+		PRINT_BITS(8, aspect_ratio_idc);
+		if (vui->aspect_ratio_idc == 255) {
+			PRINT_BITS(16, sar_width);
+			PRINT_BITS(16, sar_height);
+		}
+	}
+
+	PRINT_BIT(overscan_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->overscan_info_present_flag)
+		PRINT_BIT(overscan_appropriate_flag);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(video_signal_type_present_flag);
+	if (vui->video_signal_type_present_flag) {
+		PRINT_BITS(3, video_format);
+		PRINT_BIT(video_full_range_flag);
+		PRINT_BIT(colour_description_present_flag);
+
+		if (vui->colour_description_present_flag) {
+			PRINT_BITS(8, colour_primaries);
+			PRINT_BITS(8, transfer_characteristics);
+			PRINT_BITS(8, matrix_coefficients);
+		}
+	}
+
+	PRINT_BIT(chroma_loc_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->chroma_loc_info_present_flag) {
+		PRINT_UEV(chroma_sample_loc_type_top_field);
+		PRINT_UEV(chroma_sample_loc_type_bottom_field);
+	}
+
+	PRINT_BIT(timing_info_present_flag);
+	if (vui->timing_info_present_flag) {
+		PRINT_BITS(32, num_units_in_tick);
+		PRINT_BITS(32, time_scale);
+		PRINT_BIT(fixed_frame_rate_flag);
+	}
+
+	PRINT_BIT(nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (vui->nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag)
+		nal_h264_print_hrd_parameters(dev, &vui->nal_hrd_parameters);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (vui->vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag)
+		nal_h264_print_hrd_parameters(dev, &vui->vcl_hrd_parameters);
+
+	if (vui->nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag ||
+	    vui->vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag)
+		PRINT_BIT(low_delay_hrd_flag);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(pic_struct_present_flag);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(bitstream_restriction_flag);
+	if (vui->bitstream_restriction_flag) {
+		PRINT_BIT(motion_vectors_over_pic_boundaries_flag);
+		PRINT_UEV(max_bytes_per_pic_denom);
+		PRINT_UEV(max_bits_per_mb_denom);
+		PRINT_UEV(log2_max_mv_length_horizontal);
+		PRINT_UEV(log21_max_mv_length_vertical);
+		PRINT_UEV(max_num_reorder_frames);
+		PRINT_UEV(max_dec_frame_buffering);
+	}
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_rbsp_write_sps(const struct device *dev,
+				   struct rbsp *rbsp, struct nal_h264_sps *sps)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_sps *s = sps;
+	unsigned int i;
+	int err;
+
+	if (rbsp->size < 3)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	WRITE_BITS(8, profile_idc);
+	WRITE_BIT(constraint_set0_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(constraint_set1_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(constraint_set2_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(constraint_set3_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(constraint_set4_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(constraint_set5_flag);
+	WRITE_BITS(2, reserved_zero_2bits);
+	WRITE_BITS(8, level_idc);
+
+	WRITE_UEV(seq_parameter_set_id);
+
+	if (sps->profile_idc == 100 || sps->profile_idc == 110 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 122 || sps->profile_idc == 244 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 44 || sps->profile_idc == 83 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 86 || sps->profile_idc == 118 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 128 || sps->profile_idc == 138 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 139 || sps->profile_idc == 134 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 135) {
+		WRITE_UEV(chroma_format_idc);
+
+		if (sps->chroma_format_idc == 3)
+			WRITE_BIT(separate_colour_plane_flag);
+
+		WRITE_UEV(bit_depth_luma_minus8);
+		WRITE_UEV(bit_depth_chroma_minus8);
+		WRITE_BIT(qpprime_y_zero_transform_bypass_flag);
+		WRITE_BIT(seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag);
+
+		if (sps->seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag) {
+			dev_err(dev,
+				"%s: Handling scaling matrix not supported\n",
+				__func__);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	WRITE_UEV(log2_max_frame_num_minus4);
+
+	WRITE_UEV(pic_order_cnt_type);
+	if (sps->pic_order_cnt_type == 0) {
+		WRITE_UEV(log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4);
+	} else if (sps->pic_order_cnt_type == 1) {
+		WRITE_BIT(delta_pic_order_always_zero_flag);
+		WRITE_SEV(offset_for_non_ref_pic);
+		WRITE_SEV(offset_for_top_to_bottom_field);
+
+		WRITE_UEV(num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle);
+		for (i = 0; i < sps->num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle; i++)
+			WRITE_SEV(offset_for_ref_frame[i]);
+	} else {
+		dev_err(dev,
+			"%s: Invalid pic_order_cnt_type %u\n", __func__,
+			sps->pic_order_cnt_type);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	WRITE_UEV(max_num_ref_frames);
+	WRITE_BIT(gaps_in_frame_num_value_allowed_flag);
+	WRITE_UEV(pic_width_in_mbs_minus1);
+	WRITE_UEV(pic_height_in_map_units_minus1);
+
+	WRITE_BIT(frame_mbs_only_flag);
+	if (!sps->frame_mbs_only_flag)
+		WRITE_BIT(mb_adaptive_frame_field_flag);
+
+	WRITE_BIT(direct_8x8_inference_flag);
+
+	WRITE_BIT(frame_cropping_flag);
+	if (sps->frame_cropping_flag) {
+		WRITE_UEV(crop_left);
+		WRITE_UEV(crop_right);
+		WRITE_UEV(crop_top);
+		WRITE_UEV(crop_bottom);
+	}
+
+	WRITE_BIT(vui_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (sps->vui_parameters_present_flag) {
+		err = nal_h264_write_vui_parameters(dev, rbsp, &sps->vui);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_rbsp_read_sps(const struct device *dev,
+				  struct rbsp *rbsp, struct nal_h264_sps *sps)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_sps *s = sps;
+	unsigned int i;
+	int err;
+
+	if (rbsp->size < 3)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	READ_BITS(8, profile_idc);
+	READ_BIT(constraint_set0_flag);
+	READ_BIT(constraint_set1_flag);
+	READ_BIT(constraint_set2_flag);
+	READ_BIT(constraint_set3_flag);
+	READ_BIT(constraint_set4_flag);
+	READ_BIT(constraint_set5_flag);
+	READ_BITS(2, reserved_zero_2bits);
+	READ_BITS(8, level_idc);
+
+	READ_UEV(seq_parameter_set_id);
+
+	if (sps->profile_idc == 100 || sps->profile_idc == 110 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 122 || sps->profile_idc == 244 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 44 || sps->profile_idc == 83 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 86 || sps->profile_idc == 118 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 128 || sps->profile_idc == 138 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 139 || sps->profile_idc == 134 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 135) {
+		READ_UEV(chroma_format_idc);
+
+		if (sps->chroma_format_idc == 3)
+			READ_BIT(separate_colour_plane_flag);
+
+		READ_UEV(bit_depth_luma_minus8);
+		READ_UEV(bit_depth_chroma_minus8);
+		READ_BIT(qpprime_y_zero_transform_bypass_flag);
+		READ_BIT(seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag);
+
+		if (sps->seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag) {
+			dev_err(dev,
+				"%s: Handling scaling matrix not supported\n",
+				__func__);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+	}
+
+	READ_UEV(log2_max_frame_num_minus4);
+
+	READ_UEV(pic_order_cnt_type);
+	if (sps->pic_order_cnt_type == 0) {
+		READ_UEV(log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4);
+	} else if (sps->pic_order_cnt_type == 1) {
+		READ_BIT(delta_pic_order_always_zero_flag);
+		READ_SEV(offset_for_non_ref_pic);
+		READ_SEV(offset_for_top_to_bottom_field);
+
+		READ_UEV(num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle);
+		for (i = 0; i < sps->num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle; i++)
+			READ_SEV(offset_for_ref_frame[i]);
+	} else {
+		dev_err(dev,
+			"%s: Invalid pic_order_cnt_type %u\n", __func__,
+			sps->pic_order_cnt_type);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	READ_UEV(max_num_ref_frames);
+	READ_BIT(gaps_in_frame_num_value_allowed_flag);
+	READ_UEV(pic_width_in_mbs_minus1);
+	READ_UEV(pic_height_in_map_units_minus1);
+
+	READ_BIT(frame_mbs_only_flag);
+	if (!sps->frame_mbs_only_flag)
+		READ_BIT(mb_adaptive_frame_field_flag);
+
+	READ_BIT(direct_8x8_inference_flag);
+
+	READ_BIT(frame_cropping_flag);
+	if (sps->frame_cropping_flag) {
+		READ_UEV(crop_left);
+		READ_UEV(crop_right);
+		READ_UEV(crop_top);
+		READ_UEV(crop_bottom);
+	}
+
+	READ_BIT(vui_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (sps->vui_parameters_present_flag) {
+		err = nal_h264_read_vui_parameters(dev, rbsp, &sps->vui);
+		if (err)
+			return err;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_rbsp_write_pps(const struct device *dev,
+				   struct rbsp *rbsp, struct nal_h264_pps *pps)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_pps *s = pps;
+	int i;
+
+	WRITE_UEV(pic_parameter_set_id);
+	WRITE_UEV(seq_parameter_set_id);
+	WRITE_BIT(entropy_coding_mode_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(bottom_field_pic_order_in_frame_present_flag);
+	WRITE_UEV(num_slice_groups_minus1);
+	if (pps->num_slice_groups_minus1 > 0) {
+		WRITE_UEV(slice_group_map_type);
+		if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 0) {
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->num_slice_groups_minus1; i++)
+				WRITE_UEV(run_length_minus1[i]);
+		} else if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 2) {
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->num_slice_groups_minus1; i++) {
+				WRITE_UEV(top_left[i]);
+				WRITE_UEV(bottom_right[i]);
+			}
+		} else if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 3 ||
+			   pps->slice_group_map_type == 4 ||
+			   pps->slice_group_map_type == 5) {
+			WRITE_BIT(slice_group_change_direction_flag);
+			WRITE_UEV(slice_group_change_rate_minus1);
+		} else if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 6) {
+			WRITE_UEV(pic_size_in_map_units_minus1);
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->pic_size_in_map_units_minus1; i++)
+				WRITE_BITS(order_base_2
+					   (s->num_slice_groups_minus1 + 1),
+					   slice_group_id[i]);
+		}
+	}
+	WRITE_UEV(num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1);
+	WRITE_UEV(num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1);
+	WRITE_BIT(weighted_pred_flag);
+	WRITE_BITS(2, weighted_bipred_idc);
+	WRITE_SEV(pic_init_qp_minus26);
+	WRITE_SEV(pic_init_qs_minus26);
+	WRITE_SEV(chroma_qp_index_offset);
+	WRITE_BIT(deblocking_filter_control_present_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(constrained_intra_pred_flag);
+	WRITE_BIT(redundant_pic_cnt_present_flag);
+	if (/* more_rbsp_data() */ false) {
+		WRITE_BIT(transform_8x8_mode_flag);
+		WRITE_BIT(pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag);
+		if (pps->pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag) {
+			dev_err(dev,
+				"%s: Handling scaling matrix not supported\n",
+				__func__);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+		WRITE_SEV(second_chroma_qp_index_offset);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int nal_h264_rbsp_read_pps(const struct device *dev,
+				  struct rbsp *rbsp, struct nal_h264_pps *pps)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_pps *s = pps;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	READ_UEV(pic_parameter_set_id);
+	READ_UEV(seq_parameter_set_id);
+	READ_BIT(entropy_coding_mode_flag);
+	READ_BIT(bottom_field_pic_order_in_frame_present_flag);
+	READ_UEV(num_slice_groups_minus1);
+	if (s->num_slice_groups_minus1 > 0) {
+		READ_UEV(slice_group_map_type);
+		if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 0) {
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->num_slice_groups_minus1; i++)
+				READ_UEV(run_length_minus1[i]);
+		} else if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 2) {
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->num_slice_groups_minus1; i++) {
+				READ_UEV(top_left[i]);
+				READ_UEV(bottom_right[i]);
+			}
+		} else if (s->slice_group_map_type == 3 ||
+			   s->slice_group_map_type == 4 ||
+			   s->slice_group_map_type == 5) {
+			READ_BIT(slice_group_change_direction_flag);
+			READ_UEV(slice_group_change_rate_minus1);
+		} else if (s->slice_group_map_type == 6) {
+			READ_UEV(pic_size_in_map_units_minus1);
+			for (i = 0; i < s->pic_size_in_map_units_minus1; i++)
+				READ_BITS(order_base_2
+					  (s->num_slice_groups_minus1 + 1),
+					  slice_group_id[i]);
+		}
+	}
+	READ_UEV(num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1);
+	READ_UEV(num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1);
+	READ_BIT(weighted_pred_flag);
+	READ_BITS(2, weighted_bipred_idc);
+	READ_SEV(pic_init_qp_minus26);
+	READ_SEV(pic_init_qs_minus26);
+	READ_SEV(chroma_qp_index_offset);
+	READ_BIT(deblocking_filter_control_present_flag);
+	READ_BIT(constrained_intra_pred_flag);
+	READ_BIT(redundant_pic_cnt_present_flag);
+	if (/* more_rbsp_data() */ false) {
+		READ_BIT(transform_8x8_mode_flag);
+		READ_BIT(pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag);
+		if (pps->pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag) {
+			dev_err(dev,
+				"%s: Handling scaling matrix not supported\n",
+				__func__);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+		READ_SEV(second_chroma_qp_index_offset);
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_write_sps(const struct device *dev,
+			   void *dest, size_t n, struct nal_h264_sps *sps)
+{
+	struct rbsp rbsp;
+	int err;
+	u8 *p = dest;
+
+	rbsp.buf = p + 5;
+	rbsp.size = n - 5;
+	rbsp.pos = 0;
+
+	err = nal_h264_rbsp_write_sps(dev, &rbsp, sps);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	err = nal_h264_write_trailing_bits(dev, &rbsp);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	p[0] = 0x00;
+	p[1] = 0x00;
+	p[2] = 0x00;
+	p[3] = 0x01;
+	p[4] = 0x07;
+
+	return ((rbsp.pos + 7) / 8) + 5;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_write_sps);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_read_sps(const struct device *dev,
+			  struct nal_h264_sps *sps, void *src, size_t n)
+{
+	struct rbsp rbsp;
+	int err;
+
+	rbsp.buf = src;
+	rbsp.size = n;
+	rbsp.pos = 0;
+
+	rbsp.buf += 5;
+	rbsp.size -= 5;
+
+	err = nal_h264_rbsp_read_sps(dev, &rbsp, sps);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	return ((rbsp.pos + 7) / 8) + 5;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_read_sps);
+
+void nal_h264_print_sps(const struct device *dev, struct nal_h264_sps *sps)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_sps *s = sps;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	if (!sps)
+		return;
+
+	PRINT_BITS(8, profile_idc);
+	PRINT_BIT(constraint_set0_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(constraint_set1_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(constraint_set2_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(constraint_set3_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(constraint_set4_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(constraint_set5_flag);
+	PRINT_BITS(2, reserved_zero_2bits);
+	PRINT_BITS(8, level_idc);
+
+	PRINT_UEV(seq_parameter_set_id);
+
+	if (sps->profile_idc == 100 || sps->profile_idc == 110 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 122 || sps->profile_idc == 244 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 44 || sps->profile_idc == 83 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 86 || sps->profile_idc == 118 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 128 || sps->profile_idc == 138 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 139 || sps->profile_idc == 134 ||
+	    sps->profile_idc == 135) {
+		PRINT_UEV(chroma_format_idc);
+
+		if (sps->chroma_format_idc == 3)
+			PRINT_BIT(separate_colour_plane_flag);
+
+		PRINT_UEV(bit_depth_luma_minus8);
+		PRINT_UEV(bit_depth_chroma_minus8);
+		PRINT_BIT(qpprime_y_zero_transform_bypass_flag);
+		PRINT_BIT(seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag);
+
+		if (sps->seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag)
+			dev_err(dev,
+				"%s: Handling scaling matrix not supported\n",
+				__func__);
+	}
+
+	PRINT_UEV(log2_max_frame_num_minus4);
+
+	PRINT_UEV(pic_order_cnt_type);
+	if (sps->pic_order_cnt_type == 0) {
+		PRINT_UEV(log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4);
+	} else if (sps->pic_order_cnt_type == 1) {
+		PRINT_BIT(delta_pic_order_always_zero_flag);
+		PRINT_SEV(offset_for_non_ref_pic);
+		PRINT_SEV(offset_for_top_to_bottom_field);
+
+		PRINT_UEV(num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle);
+		for (i = 0; i < sps->num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle; i++)
+			PRINT_SEV(offset_for_ref_frame[i]);
+	} else {
+		dev_err(dev,
+			"%s: Invalid pic_order_cnt_type %u\n", __func__,
+			sps->pic_order_cnt_type);
+	}
+
+	PRINT_UEV(max_num_ref_frames);
+	PRINT_BIT(gaps_in_frame_num_value_allowed_flag);
+	PRINT_UEV(pic_width_in_mbs_minus1);
+	PRINT_UEV(pic_height_in_map_units_minus1);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(frame_mbs_only_flag);
+	if (!sps->frame_mbs_only_flag)
+		PRINT_BIT(mb_adaptive_frame_field_flag);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(direct_8x8_inference_flag);
+
+	PRINT_BIT(frame_cropping_flag);
+	if (sps->frame_cropping_flag) {
+		PRINT_UEV(crop_left);
+		PRINT_UEV(crop_right);
+		PRINT_UEV(crop_top);
+		PRINT_UEV(crop_bottom);
+	}
+
+	PRINT_BIT(vui_parameters_present_flag);
+	if (sps->vui_parameters_present_flag)
+		nal_h264_print_vui_parameters(dev, &sps->vui);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_print_sps);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_write_pps(const struct device *dev,
+			   void *dest, size_t n, struct nal_h264_pps *pps)
+{
+	struct rbsp rbsp;
+	int err;
+	u8 *p = dest;
+
+	rbsp.buf = p + 5;
+	rbsp.size = n - 5;
+	rbsp.pos = 0;
+
+	err = nal_h264_rbsp_write_pps(dev, &rbsp, pps);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	err = nal_h264_write_trailing_bits(dev, &rbsp);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	p[0] = 0x00;
+	p[1] = 0x00;
+	p[2] = 0x00;
+	p[3] = 0x01;
+	p[4] = 0x08;
+
+	return ((rbsp.pos + 7) / 8) + 5;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_write_pps);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_read_pps(const struct device *dev,
+			  struct nal_h264_pps *pps, void *src, size_t n)
+{
+	struct rbsp rbsp;
+	int err;
+
+	rbsp.buf = src;
+	rbsp.size = n;
+	rbsp.pos = 0;
+
+	rbsp.buf += 5;
+	rbsp.size -= 5;
+
+	err = nal_h264_rbsp_read_pps(dev, &rbsp, pps);
+	if (err)
+		return err;
+
+	return ((rbsp.pos + 7) / 8) + 5;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_read_pps);
+
+void nal_h264_print_pps(const struct device *dev, struct nal_h264_pps *pps)
+{
+	struct nal_h264_pps *s = pps;
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	if (!pps)
+		return;
+
+	PRINT_UEV(pic_parameter_set_id);
+	PRINT_UEV(seq_parameter_set_id);
+	PRINT_BIT(entropy_coding_mode_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(bottom_field_pic_order_in_frame_present_flag);
+	PRINT_UEV(num_slice_groups_minus1);
+	if (s->num_slice_groups_minus1 > 0) {
+		PRINT_UEV(slice_group_map_type);
+		if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 0) {
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->num_slice_groups_minus1; i++)
+				PRINT_UEV(run_length_minus1[i]);
+		} else if (pps->slice_group_map_type == 2) {
+			for (i = 0; i < pps->num_slice_groups_minus1; i++) {
+				PRINT_UEV(top_left[i]);
+				PRINT_UEV(bottom_right[i]);
+			}
+		} else if (s->slice_group_map_type == 3 ||
+			   s->slice_group_map_type == 4 ||
+			   s->slice_group_map_type == 5) {
+			PRINT_BIT(slice_group_change_direction_flag);
+			PRINT_UEV(slice_group_change_rate_minus1);
+		} else if (s->slice_group_map_type == 6) {
+			PRINT_UEV(pic_size_in_map_units_minus1);
+			for (i = 0; i < s->pic_size_in_map_units_minus1; i++)
+				PRINT_BITS(order_base_2
+					   (s->num_slice_groups_minus1 + 1),
+					   slice_group_id[i]);
+		}
+	}
+	PRINT_UEV(num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1);
+	PRINT_UEV(num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1);
+	PRINT_BIT(weighted_pred_flag);
+	PRINT_BITS(2, weighted_bipred_idc);
+	PRINT_SEV(pic_init_qp_minus26);
+	PRINT_SEV(pic_init_qs_minus26);
+	PRINT_SEV(chroma_qp_index_offset);
+	PRINT_BIT(deblocking_filter_control_present_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(constrained_intra_pred_flag);
+	PRINT_BIT(redundant_pic_cnt_present_flag);
+	if (/* more_rbsp_data() */ false) {
+		PRINT_BIT(transform_8x8_mode_flag);
+		PRINT_BIT(pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag);
+		if (pps->pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag) {
+			dev_err(dev,
+				"%s: Handling scaling matrix not supported\n",
+				__func__);
+		}
+		PRINT_SEV(second_chroma_qp_index_offset);
+	}
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_print_pps);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_read_filler(const struct device *dev, void *src, size_t n)
+{
+	char *p = src;
+	size_t i = 5;
+
+	if (p[0] != 0x00 || p[1] != 0x00 || p[2] != 0x00 || p[3] != 0x01)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	if (p[4] != 0x0c)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	while (p[i] == 0xff && i < n)
+		i++;
+
+	if (p[i] != 0x80)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	return i;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_read_filler);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_write_filler(const struct device *dev, void *dest, size_t n)
+{
+	char *p = dest;
+
+	if (n < 6)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	p[0] = 0x00;
+	p[1] = 0x00;
+	p[2] = 0x00;
+	p[3] = 0x01;
+	p[4] = 0x0c;
+	memset(p + 5, 0xff, n - 6);
+	p[n - 1] = 0x80;
+
+	return n;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(nal_h264_write_filler);
diff --git a/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.h b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..bd46e8e42caf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/staging/media/allegro-dvt/nal-h264.h
@@ -0,0 +1,188 @@ 
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Pengutronix, Michael Tretter <kernel@pengutronix.de>
+ *
+ * Convert NAL units between raw byte sequence payloads (RBSP) and C structs.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __NAL_H264_H__
+#define __NAL_H264_H__
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/* Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) E.1.2 */
+struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters {
+	unsigned int cpb_cnt_minus1;
+	unsigned int bit_rate_scale:4;
+	unsigned int cpb_size_scale:4;
+	struct {
+		int bit_rate_value_minus1[16];
+		int cpb_size_value_minus1[16];
+		unsigned int cbr_flag[16]; /* FIXME cbr_flag:1 */
+	};
+	unsigned int initial_cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1:5;
+	unsigned int cpb_removal_delay_length_minus1:5;
+	unsigned int dpb_output_delay_length_minus1:5;
+	unsigned int time_offset_length:5;
+};
+
+/* Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) E.1.1 */
+struct nal_h264_vui_parameters {
+	unsigned int aspect_ratio_info_present_flag:1;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int aspect_ratio_idc:8;
+		unsigned int sar_width:16;
+		unsigned int sar_height:16;
+	};
+	unsigned int overscan_info_present_flag:1;
+	unsigned int overscan_appropriate_flag:1;
+	unsigned int video_signal_type_present_flag:1;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int video_format:3;
+		unsigned int video_full_range_flag:1;
+		unsigned int colour_description_present_flag:1;
+		struct {
+			unsigned int colour_primaries:8;
+			unsigned int transfer_characteristics:8;
+			unsigned int matrix_coefficients:8;
+		};
+	};
+	unsigned int chroma_loc_info_present_flag:1;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int chroma_sample_loc_type_top_field;
+		unsigned int chroma_sample_loc_type_bottom_field;
+	};
+	unsigned int timing_info_present_flag:1;
+	struct {
+	unsigned int num_units_in_tick:32;
+	unsigned int time_scale:32;
+	unsigned int fixed_frame_rate_flag:1;
+	};
+	unsigned int nal_hrd_parameters_present_flag:1;
+	struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters nal_hrd_parameters;
+	unsigned int vcl_hrd_parameters_present_flag:1;
+	struct nal_h264_hrd_parameters vcl_hrd_parameters;
+	unsigned int low_delay_hrd_flag:1;
+	unsigned int pic_struct_present_flag:1;
+	unsigned int bitstream_restriction_flag:1;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int motion_vectors_over_pic_boundaries_flag:1;
+		unsigned int max_bytes_per_pic_denom;
+		unsigned int max_bits_per_mb_denom;
+		unsigned int log2_max_mv_length_horizontal;
+		unsigned int log21_max_mv_length_vertical;
+		unsigned int max_num_reorder_frames;
+		unsigned int max_dec_frame_buffering;
+	};
+};
+
+/* Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) 7.3.2.1.1 Sequence parameter set data syntax */
+struct nal_h264_sps {
+	unsigned int profile_idc:8;
+	unsigned int constraint_set0_flag:1;
+	unsigned int constraint_set1_flag:1;
+	unsigned int constraint_set2_flag:1;
+	unsigned int constraint_set3_flag:1;
+	unsigned int constraint_set4_flag:1;
+	unsigned int constraint_set5_flag:1;
+	unsigned int reserved_zero_2bits:2;
+	unsigned int level_idc:8;
+	unsigned int seq_parameter_set_id;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int chroma_format_idc;
+		unsigned int separate_colour_plane_flag:1;
+		unsigned int bit_depth_luma_minus8;
+		unsigned int bit_depth_chroma_minus8;
+		unsigned int qpprime_y_zero_transform_bypass_flag:1;
+		unsigned int seq_scaling_matrix_present_flag:1;
+	};
+	unsigned int log2_max_frame_num_minus4;
+	unsigned int pic_order_cnt_type;
+	union {
+		unsigned int log2_max_pic_order_cnt_lsb_minus4;
+		struct {
+			unsigned int delta_pic_order_always_zero_flag:1;
+			int offset_for_non_ref_pic;
+			int offset_for_top_to_bottom_field;
+			unsigned int num_ref_frames_in_pic_order_cnt_cycle;
+			int offset_for_ref_frame[255];
+		};
+	};
+	unsigned int max_num_ref_frames;
+	unsigned int gaps_in_frame_num_value_allowed_flag:1;
+	unsigned int pic_width_in_mbs_minus1;
+	unsigned int pic_height_in_map_units_minus1;
+	unsigned int frame_mbs_only_flag:1;
+	unsigned int mb_adaptive_frame_field_flag:1;
+	unsigned int direct_8x8_inference_flag:1;
+	unsigned int frame_cropping_flag:1;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int crop_left;
+		unsigned int crop_right;
+		unsigned int crop_top;
+		unsigned int crop_bottom;
+	};
+	unsigned int vui_parameters_present_flag:1;
+	struct nal_h264_vui_parameters vui;
+};
+
+/* Rec. ITU-T H.264 (04/2017) 7.3.2.2 Picture parameter set RBSP syntax */
+struct nal_h264_pps {
+	unsigned int pic_parameter_set_id;
+	unsigned int seq_parameter_set_id;
+	unsigned int entropy_coding_mode_flag:1;
+	unsigned int bottom_field_pic_order_in_frame_present_flag:1;
+	unsigned int num_slice_groups_minus1;
+	unsigned int slice_group_map_type;
+	union {
+		unsigned int run_length_minus1[8];
+		struct {
+			unsigned int top_left[8];
+			unsigned int bottom_right[8];
+		};
+		struct {
+			unsigned int slice_group_change_direction_flag:1;
+			unsigned int slice_group_change_rate_minus1;
+		};
+		struct {
+			unsigned int pic_size_in_map_units_minus1;
+			unsigned int slice_group_id[8];
+		};
+	};
+	unsigned int num_ref_idx_l0_default_active_minus1;
+	unsigned int num_ref_idx_l1_default_active_minus1;
+	unsigned int weighted_pred_flag:1;
+	unsigned int weighted_bipred_idc:2;
+	int pic_init_qp_minus26;
+	int pic_init_qs_minus26;
+	int chroma_qp_index_offset;
+	unsigned int deblocking_filter_control_present_flag:1;
+	unsigned int constrained_intra_pred_flag:1;
+	unsigned int redundant_pic_cnt_present_flag:1;
+	struct {
+		unsigned int transform_8x8_mode_flag:1;
+		unsigned int pic_scaling_matrix_present_flag:1;
+		int second_chroma_qp_index_offset;
+	};
+};
+
+int nal_h264_level_from_v4l2(enum v4l2_mpeg_video_h264_level level);
+int nal_h264_profile_from_v4l2(enum v4l2_mpeg_video_h264_profile profile);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_write_sps(const struct device *dev,
+			   void *dest, size_t n, struct nal_h264_sps *sps);
+ssize_t nal_h264_read_sps(const struct device *dev,
+			  struct nal_h264_sps *sps, void *src, size_t n);
+void nal_h264_print_sps(const struct device *dev, struct nal_h264_sps *sps);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_write_pps(const struct device *dev,
+			   void *dest, size_t n, struct nal_h264_pps *pps);
+ssize_t nal_h264_read_pps(const struct device *dev,
+			  struct nal_h264_pps *pps, void *src, size_t n);
+void nal_h264_print_pps(const struct device *dev, struct nal_h264_pps *pps);
+
+ssize_t nal_h264_write_filler(const struct device *dev, void *dest, size_t n);
+ssize_t nal_h264_read_filler(const struct device *dev, void *src, size_t n);
+
+#endif /* __NAL_H264_H__ */

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